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The Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”) is a comprehensive civil rights law that was signed into law on July 26th 1990 by President George H.W. Bush. ADA covers a wide range of mental and physical medical conditions, including those that not necessarily severe or permanent in nature. It requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations to...
Did you know that St Mary's Episcopal's Church operated a free kindergarten on Lawrence Street -- forming the basis of the first experimental school of Teachers College, Columbia University? The parish house became too small to accommodate the kindergarten and elementary school, causing the elementary classes to move to a double sided house on 129th Street. In 1902, donors Mr. and Mrs. James Speyer provided a multi-story building in a Ge...
Bastille Day is celebrated as a national holiday in France, commemorating the seize of the royal fortress (aka prison) which symbolized the tyranny of the Bourbon monarchs -- Marie Antoinette, among them. On July 14, 1789 revolutionaries overthrew King Louis XVI, forcing the "ancien regime" to accept constitutional government and thereby beginning the modern republic of France.Bastille Day is...
Under the direction of Peter William Dykema, Professor and Chair of the Music Education Department at Teachers College, Columbia University from 1924-1940, the music curriculum greatly expanded. The 16 Music Education courses went far beyond offerings relating to musica...
On July 1st, 1997, the British crown colony of Hong Kong, located east of the Pearl River on China's south coast, was officially returned to China after 156 years of rule by the United Kingdom. Its natural harbor and lucrative Chinese trade, especially in opium during the first half of the nineteenth century, formed the basis of sustained commercial growth. Apart from Japanese occupation during World...
On June 23rd, 2016 the United Kingdom voted in a referendum to withdraw membership from the European Union. While 51.9% of the vote was in favor of withdrawal, 48.1% was opposed. The controversial decision signified the first time a country decided to leave the European Union, a coalition of European countries dating back to 1951 that was formed for political and economic reasons to ensure freedom, democ...
Lift every voice and singTill earth and heaven ringRing with the harmonies of Liberty
A couple of months ago I was invited to present on archival resources pertaining to marginalized individuals, peoples, or countries for Ami Kantawala's course, Historical Foundations of Art Education. Preparation required deep thinking into primary sources held at the...
In Spring 2022 the Gottesman Libraries experienced renewed opportunity and growth; we built offerings and resources with increased collaboration and integration, while maintaining services still impacted by the pandemic. We kept the Library open, robust, and vibrant for our patrons, onsite and off, despite staffing shortage...
On June 2nd, 1924, the United States Congress passed the Indian Citizenship Act which granted citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the country. However, associated privileges, including the right to vote, were determined by state law and took decades to advance. The granting of citizenship applied to roughly 125,000 ...